Wednesday, August 15, 8903

Joe Garland (1903-1977) - In the Mood (1939)

Joe Garland (1903-1977)

In the Mood (1939)

Joseph Copeland "Joe" Garland (Aug. 15, 1903, Norfolk, Virginia - April 21, 1977, Teaneck, New Jersey) was an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and arranger, best known for writing In the Mood.

Garland studied music at Shaw University and the Aeolian Conservatory. He started by playing classical music but joined a jazz band, Graham Jackson's Seminole Syncopators, in 1924, where he first recorded. He had a long run of associations as a sideman on saxophone and clarinet, with Elmer Snowden (1925), Joe Steele, Henri Saparo, Leon Abbey (including a tour of South America), Charlie Skeete, and Jelly Roll Morton in the 1920's. The 1930's saw him playing with Bobby Neal (1931) and the Mills Blue Rhythm Band; he was both a performer and an arranger for the Blue Rhythm Band from 1932 to 1936, when Lucky Millinder replaced him. Following this he played with Edgar Hayes (1937), Don Redman (1938), and Louis Armstrong (1939-42). In the 1940s he played with Claude Hopkins and others, and then returned to Armstrong's band from 1945-47. Following this he played with Herbie Fields, Hopkins again, and Earl Hines (1948). In the 1950's, he went into semi-retirement.

Garland wrote a number of well-known swing jazz hits, including the

Glenn Miller hit In the Mood and Les Brown's Leap Frog.

[8903 Arlen / 8903 Garland /8903 Khachaturian]